Today we summarize the top ten effects of magnesium sulfate! Hope it helps you
Magnesium sulfate can inhibit the central nervous system, relax skeletal muscle, and have the effects of calming, antispasmodic and reducing intracranial pressure. Commonly used to treat convulsions, eclampsia and hypertensive encephalopathy.
Oral magnesium sulfate is rarely absorbed in the intestines. Therefore, oral magnesium sulfate has a good cathartic function, so magnesium sulfate is also called Epsom salt. Magnesium sulfate can be used to treat constipation, abnormal fermentation in the intestines, and the like. Each time, 5 to 20 g of magnesium sulfate can be dissolved in 100 to 400 ml of warm water and taken orally once a day.
3 rows of stones
Magnesium sulfate can stimulate the duodenal mucosa, reflexively causing relaxation of the common bile duct sphincter and contraction of the gallbladder, thereby promoting gallbladder emptying and beneficial bile. It can be used to treat gallstones, 2 to 5 grams each time, 3 times a day, orally before meals or between meals.
4 step down
Magnesium ions can directly dilated peripheral vascular smooth muscle, causing sympathetic ganglion transmission disorders, resulting in vasodilation and decreased blood pressure.
5 treatments of asthma
Magnesium sulfate relaxes bronchial smooth muscle by inhibiting the uptake of calcium by cells, which contributes to the relief of symptoms in critical asthma.
6 treatments of premature delivery
Magnesium ions can directly inhibit uterine smooth muscle, which can prolong pregnancy time and thus treat premature birth. New research has shown that the use of magnesium sulfate for preterm birth before 32 weeks of pregnancy protects the fetal nervous system.
7 low magnesium
Because the clinical manifestations of magnesium deficiency are similar to those of potassium deficiency, magnesium deficiency is often overlooked. In the case of potassium deficiency, when potassium is added and the symptoms are still not improved, the possibility of magnesium deficiency should be considered first, so that hypomagnesemia can be corrected in time. Therefore, patients with long-term infusion should pay attention to magnesium supplementation while supplementing potassium. Add 1 gram of magnesium sulfate to the daily infusion to prevent hypomagnesemia.
8 anti-inflammatory swelling
Magnesium sulfate has anti-inflammatory and swelling effects, so 50% magnesium sulfate solution can be swollen in the affected area.
9 involved in metabolism
Magnesium is an essential activator of more than 300 enzymes in the body and an essential cofactor for ATPase. It is also an extremely important cofactor for maintaining productivity at the cellular level (such as oxidative phosphorylation, neuromuscular excitability and muscle contraction). Therefore, magnesium sulfate participates in many metabolic activities of the body.
10 treatments of oligohydramnios
Some studies have shown that magnesium sulfate has a direct antispasmodic effect on uterine smooth muscle, which relaxes vascular smooth muscle in the uterus, dilates blood vessels and decreases the muscle fiber tension of the uterus, which reduces the vascular resistance of the uterus, thereby increasing the blood flow of the uterus and improving the blood circulation of the fetus. Magnesium ions can also stimulate the synthesis of prostacyclin in vascular endothelial cells, reduce endothelin synthesis, reduce the body’s response to angiotensin II, thereby alleviating vasospasm; magnesium sulfate can improve the affinity of pregnant women and fetal hemoglobin, and improve oxygen metabolism. In addition, rehydration treatment increases the blood volume of pregnant women and improves blood viscosity, thus increasing the amount of amniotic fluid.
Finally, the main thing to remind everyone is that excessive blood magnesium can cause respiratory depression, sudden drop in blood pressure, and sudden cardiac arrest. The disappearance of tendon reflexes is a precursor to respiratory depression, so sputum reflexes should be checked frequently during continuous dosing. In case of poisoning, artificial respiration should be performed immediately, and calcium chloride or calcium gluconate should be slowly administered intravenously for emergency rescue.